Date Added: May 2012
A massive amount of energy consumption currently stems from the transportation sector. Therefore, improvements in power usage by commuting vehicles are being studied and becoming an increasingly popular research topic. In particular, there is a growing need to model the envisioned smart infrastructure, including charging stations, some of which might include energy storage devices and swappable, pre-charged batteries. For such new stations, power management is indeed crucial for operation costs, driver convenience, and overall smart grid efficiency. Information technology, communications and vehicle intelligence need to play a crucial role in this process.