An Almost Overhead-Free Error Control Scheme for IEEE 802.16-Based Multi-Hop Networks

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Executive Summary

Based on IEEE 802.16 specifications, the Convergence Sublayer (CS) of 802.16-based networks provides the function for heterogeneous upper layer protocols. The CS can encapsulate such as IP packets with variable lengths or ATM cells with fixed length in its MAC PDU and usually adds a CRC-32 field to the rear of the MAC PDU. Based on the CRC-32, each 802.16 relay node or BS can detect error occurrence on a MAC PDU and use ARQ mechanism to retransmit the corrupt MAC PDU. However, for real-time streaming (e.g., UDP streaming), the ARQ mechanism is not required and the CRC-32 is also removed.

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