An Analysis of the Heterogeneity and IP Packet Reordering Over Multiple Wireless Networks

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Executive Summary

With the increasing deployment of wireless technologies, such as WLAN, HSDPA, and WiMAX, it is often the case that simultaneous coverage of several access networks is available to a single user device. In addition, devices are also often equipped with multiple network interfaces. Thus, if the authors can exploit all available network interfaces at the same time, they can obtain advantages like the aggregation of bandwidth and increased fault tolerance. However, the heterogeneity and dynamics of the links also introduce challenges. Due to different link delays, sending packets of the same flow over multiple heterogeneous paths causes the reordering of packets. In this paper, they quantify the impact of network heterogeneity and the use of multiple links on IP packet reordering.

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