An Efficient Load Balancing Clustering Scheme for Data Centric Wireless Sensor Networks
Clustering is an efficient approach to capitalize the energy of energy constraint sensor nodes in wireless sensor networks. Clustering schemes do not guarantee formation of clusters with equal number of nodes. So data frames transmitted by the nodes vary. TDMA schedule of nodes of smaller cluster is smaller than others that results more number of data frames and hence more energy consumption. The non uniform energy consumption of nodes affects the load balancing of network and these nodes are more prone to die earlier than others. In this paper, an improved scheme for cluster head selection is proposed. Clusters having variable frame slots for nodes are applied to E-LEACH and improved E-LEACH to make the cluster more load balanced.