Date Added: Jul 2009
Cluster-based routing protocols have special advantages that help enhance both scalability and efficiency of the routing protocol. Likewise, finding the best way to arrange clustering so as to maximize the network's lifetime is now an important research topic in the field of wireless sensor networks. In this paper, the authors present an Energy-Aware, Cluster-Based Routing Algorithm (ECRA) for wireless sensor networks to maximize the network's lifetime. The ECRA selects some nodes as cluster-heads to construct Voronoi diagrams and rotates the cluster-head to balance the load in each cluster. A two-tier architecture (ECRA-2T) is also proposed to enhance the performance of the ECRA. The simulations show that both the ECRA-2T and ECRA algorithms outperform other routing schemes such as direct communication, static clustering, and LEACH.