An Energy-Efficient Clique-Based Geocast Algorithm for Dense Sensor Networks

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Executive Summary

This paper proposes an energy-efficient geocast algorithm for wireless sensor networks with guaranteed de-livery of packets from the sink to all nodes located in several geocast regions. The authors' approach is different from those existing in the literature. They first propose a hybrid clustering scheme: in the first phase they partition the network in cliques using an existing energy-efficient clustering protocol. Next the set of clusterheads of cliques are in their turn partitioned using an energy-efficient hierarchical clustering. Their approach to consume less energy falls into the category of energy-efficient clustering algorithm in which the clusterhead is located in the central area of the cluster. Since each cluster is a clique, each sensor is at one hop to the cluster head.

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