An Extensive Study of Slotted Aloha-Based RFID Anti-Collision Protocols
Radio Frequency IDentification (RFID) is used to identify, track, and manage tagged animate or inanimate objects automatically using wireless communication technology. A serious concern faced by RFID technology is the collisions that occur among tag responses when queried by a reader that limits system performance significantly. Collisions bring extra delay, a waste of bandwidth, and extra energy consumption to the interrogation process of RFID. This work extensively evaluates the performance of slotted Aloha based anti-collision protocols (that includes the current standard EPCGlobal Class 1 Generation 2) for passive tags through mathematical analysis, simulations, and practical experiments on a testbed.