An Interval Decision Diagram Based Firewall

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Executive Summary

This paper explores the use of Interval Decision Diagrams (IDDs) as the central structure of a firewall packet filtering mechanism. This is done by first relating the packet filtering problem to predicate logic, then implementing a prototype which is used in an empirical evaluation. The main benefits of the IDD structure are that it provides access to boolean algebra over filters, efficient classification time, and potentially a compact representation. Results from the empirical evaluation shows that IDDs are scalable in terms of memory usage: a 50,000 rule filter requires only 3MB of memory, and efficient for packet classification: it is able to handle more rules than the schemes it was compared to without causing a degradation in performance.

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