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When a vehicle is moving fast in a highway, how to effectively reduce the handoff delay and maintain the connectivity of the vehicle to the Internet is an important issue. The existing IP passing protocol may be able to reduce the handoff delay and maintain the connectivity of the vehicle to the Internet when all the vehicles are connected. However, when the vehicle density is low or the speeds of vehicles are varied, the vehicle may not be able to communicate with the intended vehicle either directly or through multi-hop relays because of network fragmentation.
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