An Optimal Energy Allocation Algorithm for Energy Harvesting Wireless Sensor Networks
With the use of energy harvesting technologies, the lifetime of a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) can be prolonged significantly. Unlike a traditional WSN powered by non-rechargeable batteries, the energy management policy of an energy harvesting WSN needs to take into account the energy replenishment process. In this paper, the authors study the energy allocation for sensing and transmission in an energy harvesting sensor node with a rechargeable battery and a finite data buffer. The sensor node aims to maximize the total throughput in a finite horizon subject to time-varying energy harvesting rate, energy availability in the battery, and channel fading.