An Optimized and Energy Efficient Multicast Routing Algorithm for Wireless Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Using Genetic Algorithm Approach
In ad hoc networks, mobile node battery energy is finite and represents one of the greatest constraints for designing multicast routing protocols. In regards to the battery lifetime limitation in supporting multicast routing, some studies have investigated a power saving network layer. These proposed methods have always considered several techniques such as a route load for relaying, battery lifetime in route selection, decreasing the frequency of sending control messages, optimizing the size of control headers, and efficient route re-configuration techniques. This paper discusses the multicast routing problem with multiple QoS constraints in MANETs. It is also an NP-Complete problem that deals with the various constraints.