An Overview of Smart Antennas and Its Techinques Beamforming and Diversity
Smart antennas are systems attract lot attentions now and believably more in the future, as it can increase the capacity of mobile communication systems dramatically. Design of smart antenna systems combines the technologies of antenna design, signal processing, and hardware implementation. A smart antenna is therefore a phased or adaptive array that adjusts to the environment. That is, for the adaptive array, the beam pattern changes as the desired user and the interference move; and for the phased array the beam is steered or different beams are selected as the desired user moves. The early smart antenna systems were designed for use in military applications to suppress interfering or jamming signals from the enemy.