Date Added: Apr 2013
Wireless networks are increasing in popularity with current advances in technology. The architecture of such networks is not based on a centralized base station but on each node which acts as a router and forwards data packets to other nodes in the network. The technologies have driven into new era with the introduction of ad-hoc networks and the concept behind the ad-hoc networks is it works without the Access Points. It has features like adaptive, self organizing and decentralized in nature. Due to these specialized features, it has become a popular technology. So, there has been an inevitable need of a good routing protocol in order to establish the connection between the nodes since the mobile nodes can change their topology frequently.