Analysis of 3GPP LTE-Advanced Cell Spectral Efficiency
Multi-hop and multipoint transmissions are two of the main features towards an increased spectral efficiency for the LTE-Advanced mobile radio system. Fixed wireless relays with in-band backhauling are considered as a multi-hop technique in LTE-Advanced. Relays improve cell capacity and cell edge user performance depending on the deployment. In this paper, at first, results for the peak spectral efficiency of LTE-Advanced are presented and secondly, an analytical model to calculate the cell spectral efficiency of relay enhanced cell deployments in the context of the IMT-Advanced evaluation is presented. The developed model is applied to the LTE-Advanced system comparing different relay deployments with different frequency reuse schemes.