Analysis of Single-Lane and Two-Lane Traffic Models by Using Cellular Automata
The purpose of this paper is to extend the existing Cellular Automata (CA) models and to use the extended CA models to describe the influence of a car accident in single-lane and two-lane traffic flow. To evaluate dynamic traffic flow, the authors developed a traffic flow simulator that uses CA model. It is shown that the single-lane dynamics can be extended to the two-lane case without changing the basic properties of the model. The two-lane model considered here shows quantitative improvements over the single-lane model. They also add the lane changing rules to simulate the reality traffic condition.