Analysis of Superframe Adjustment and Beacon Transmission for IEEE 802.15.4 Cluster Tree Networks
Wireless sensor networks based on the IEEE 802.15.4 standard are able to achieve low power transmissions in the low rate and short distance wireless Personal Area Network (PAN). A cluster tree network consists of several clusters; each cluster has a coordinator, known as cluster coordinator, and several device nodes. In the cluster tree topology of IEEE 802.15.4, a PAN coordinator periodically transmits beacon frames to its coordinator nodes as well as a coordinator node periodically transmit beacon frames to their device nodes. The main challenge in the cluster tree network is the collisions between beacons or even between beacon and data frames, which degrades the network performance.