Anchor Selection and Topology Preserving Maps in WSNs - A Directional Virtual Coordinate Based Approach
Virtual Coordinate Systems (VCS) characterize each node in a network by its hop distances to a subset of nodes called anchors. Performance of VCS based algorithms is highly sensitive to number of anchors and their placement. Extreme Node Search (ENS), a novel and efficient anchor placement scheme, is proposed that demonstrates significantly improved performance over state-of-the-art. ENS starts with two randomly placed anchors and then uses a Directional Virtual Coordinate (DVC) transformation, which restores the lost directionality in traditional VCS, to identify anchor candidates in a completely distributed manner. A vector-based representation is proposed for the DVC domain, which is then used to introduce the concept of angles between virtual directions in the transformed domain.