Date Added: Dec 2009
Multicasting is effective when its group members are sparse and the speed is low. On the other hand, broadcasting is effective when the group members dense and the speed are high. Since mobile ad hoc networks are highly dynamic in nature, either of the above two strategies can be adopted at different scenarios. In this paper, the authors propose an ant agent based adaptive, multicast protocol that exploits group members' desire to simplify multicast routing and invoke broadcast operations in appropriate localized regimes.