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Dynamic load balancing is one key adaptation mechanism often deployed in networking and computing systems. Numerous proposals exist for load balancing in P2P networks. All of them will enhance the availability of P2P system to some extent. However, their convergence rate is still low, and the load collection overhead and load transfer overhead are high. In this paper, the authors propose an ant-based load balancing algorithm, and design a candidate nodes discovery mechanism and a target nodes selection mechanism. Two types of agents are cooperating to realize these mechanisms: search ant and guide ant.
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