Ant Colony Optimization Based Modified Termite Algorithm (MTA) With Efficient Stagnation Avoidance Strategy for Manets
Designing an effective load balancing algorithm is difficult due to Dynamic topology of MANET. To address the problem, a load balancing routing algorithm namely Modified Termite Algorithm (MTA) has been developed based on ant's food foraging behavior. Stability of the link is determined based on node stability factor. The stability factor of the node is the ratio defined between the "Hello sent" and "Hello replied" by a node to its neighbors. This also indicates the link stability in relation to other paths towards the destination. A higher ratio of indicates that the neighbor node is more stable.