Mobility

ASAP: Scalable Identification and Counting for Contactless RFID Systems

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Executive Summary

The growing importance of operations such as identification, location sensing and object tracking has led to increasing interests in contactless Radio Frequency IDentification (RFID) systems. Enjoying the low cost of RFID tags, modern RFID systems tend to be deployed for large-scale mobile objects. Both the theoretical and experimental results suggest that when tags are mobile and with large numbers, two classical MAC layer collision-arbitration protocols, slotted ALOHA and Tree-traversal, do not satisfy the scalability and time-efficiency requirements of many applications. To address this problem, the authors propose Adaptively Splitting-based Arbitration Protocol (ASAP), a scheme that provides low-latency RFID identification and has stable performance for massive RFID networks.

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