Asynchronous MAC Protocol with QoS Awareness in Wireless Sensor Networks
In Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), MAC protocols utilize duty cycling to extend the network lifetime. Receiver-Initiated MAC (RI-MAC) is an asynchronous duty cycling protocol, which schedules transmissions based on receivers. By letting a receiver initiate the rendezvous for the transmissions between senders and the receiver, the protocol achieves good latency performance at the cost of high energy consumption at the senders. On the other hand, different types of traffic are very popular in WSNs. The MAC protocols are necessarily to be equipped QoS (Quality of Service) mechanisms to handle with the variation of traffic. In this paper, the authors propose AQ-MAC; a new asynchronous MAC protocol with QoS awareness. AQ-MAC adopts the receiver-initiated manner and provides QoS service per packet following the priority imposed.