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MANET capabilities are expected to be an overall driving force for next-generation wireless functionalities. These multi-hop networks the burden of routing packets from source to destination. Each Node handles part of the management of the network. Fault detection is extremely difficult because of the distributed design. In this paper, the authors propose a novel scalable protocol which has virtual architectures with hybrid automatic detector an extended Kalman filters detect the black holes more accurately regardless of the node movements. They have studied the protocol performance by performing extensive simulations.
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