Available Bandwidth-Based Association in IEEE 802.11 Wireless LANs

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Executive Summary

The performance of an IEEE 802.11 station heavily depends on the selection of an AP (Access Point) that the station is associated with to access the Internet. The conventional approach to the AP selection is based on the received signal strength called RSSI (Received Signal Strength Indication) from APs within the transmission range. This approach however, might yield unbalanced traffic load among APs as the station chooses an AP only based on the signal strength, instead of considering the AP load and the level of contention on medium access. Accordingly, the station that is associated with the highest-RSSI AP might suffer from poor network performance.

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