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Bank And Official Interest Rates: How Do They Interact Over Time?

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Executive Summary

This paper implements a procedure to evaluate time-varying bank interest rate adjustments over a sample period which includes changes in industry structure, market and credit conditions and varying episodes of monetary policy. The model draws attention to the pivotal role of official rates and provides estimates of the equilibrium policy rate. The misalignment of actual official rates and their changing sensitivity to banking conditions is identified. Results are also provided for the variation in intermediation margins and pass-through as well as the interactions between lending and borrowing behavior over the years, including behavior before, during and after the global financial crisis. The case studies are the US and Australian banking systems.

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