Baseband Signal Compression in Wireless Base Stations
To comply with the evolving wireless standards, base stations must provide greater data rates over the serial data link between base station processor and RF unit. This link is especially important in distributed antenna systems and cooperating base stations settings. This paper explores the compression of baseband signal samples prior to transfer over the above-mentioned link. The authors study lossy and lossless compression of baseband signals and analyze the cost and gain of each approach. Sample quantizing is proposed as a lossy compression scheme and it is shown to be effective by experiments. With QPSK modulation, sample quantizing achieves a compression ratio of 4:1 and 3.5:1 in downlink and uplink, respectively.