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A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a network of spatially distributed autonomous devices that depend on their sensors to monitor environmental or physical conditions and report to a base station. The topology of any network is important and Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are no exception. In order to effectively model an energy-efficient routing algorithm, the topology of the WSN must be factored in. There has been much research into regular topologies for WSNs, to efficiently save energy and hence extend the lifetime of the network. However, little work has been done on routing within patterned WSNs, except for the shortest path first (spf) routing algorithms.
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