Black-White Differences in Tipping of Various Service Providers
Data from a national telephone survey revealed four general patterns in the tipping behaviors of Blacks and Whites. This paper briefly discusses the theoretical and practical implications of these findings. First, Blacks appear more likely than Whites to stiff commonly encountered service providers, but not less commonly encountered ones. Second, Blacks appear more likely than Whites to leave flat tip amounts to service providers who are commonly tipped a percentage of the bill, but not to service providers who are more rarely tipped a percentage of the bill. Third, black percentage tippers leave a smaller average percentage of the bill than white percentage tippers across many service contexts.