BPM - A Working Definition
Some pundits see BPM as a philosophy. Management could be saying to underlings that they want their business processes managed more effectively. A Business Line Manager could be managing his own business processes. They could define their process, they could measure it, they could look for trouble spots and they could make improvements to the process. They could have their own optimization initiative. Either of these strategies could be manual and they are considered BPM, even if they do not utilize technology.