Project Management

Causes And Consequences Of Early Life Health

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Executive Summary

The authors examine the consequences of childhood health for economic and health outcomes in adulthood, using height as a marker of health in childhood. After reviewing previous evidence, they present a conceptual framework that highlights data limitations and methodological problems associated with the study of this topic. They present estimates of the associations between height and a range of outcomes, including schooling, employment, earnings, health and cognitive ability, using data collected from early to late adulthood on cohort members in five longitudinal data sets. They find height is uniformly associated with better economic, health and cognitive outcomes - a result only partially explained by the higher average educational attainment of taller individuals.

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