Centralized Lifetime Maximizing Tree for Wireless Sensor Networks

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To enable data aggregation among the event sources in wireless sensor networks and to reduce the communication cost there is a need to establish a coveraged tree structure inside any given event region to allow data reports to be aggregated at a single processing point prior to transmission to the network. In this paper the authors propose a novel technique to create one such tree which maximizes the lifetime of the event sources while they are constantly transmitting for data aggregation. They use the term Centralized Lifetime Maximizing Tree (CLMT) to denote this tree. CLMT features with identification of bottleneck node among the given set of nodes. This node collects the data from every other node via routes with the highest branch energy subject to condition loop is not created.