Characteristics of Video Traffic From Videoconference Applications: From H.261 to H.264
This paper presents modeling results for H.26x video traffic generated by popular videoconference software applications. The analysis of videoconference data that were measured during realistic point-point videoconference sessions led users to the general conclusion that the traffic can be distinguished into two categories: unconstrained and con-strained. In the unconstrained traffic, there is a direct relation between the encoder and the form of the frequency histogram of the frame-size sequence. Moreover, for this type of traffic, strong correlations between successive video frames can be found. On the other hand, where bandwidth constraints are imposed during the encoding process, the generated traffic appears to exhibit similar characteristics for all the examined encoders with the very low autocorrelation values being the most notable one.