Cloud-Based Demand Response for Smart Grid: Architecture and Distributed Algorithms
In this paper, the authors propose Cloud-based Demand Response (CDR), novel demand response architecture for fast response times in large scale deployments. The proposed architecture is in contrast to master/slave based demand response where the participants directly interact with the utility using host address-centric communication. CDR leverages data-centric communication, publisher/subscriber and topic-based group communication to make demand response secure, scalable and reliable. To the utility, CDR appears to be a black box function call that takes an input from the utility, e.g., power deficit and gives an output to the utility, e.g., power reduction per customer and the corresponding price incentive.