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Cluster Polarization Behavior of a MIMO System: Measurement, Modeling and Statistical Validation of the Correlation of Its Channel Parameters

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Executive Summary

This paper presents clusterwise polarization characteristics based on an estimated MIMO channel of a small urban macrocell at 4.5 GHz. Polarization path gain, cross-polarization ratio, and co-polarization ratio characteristics as influenced by channel parameters such as delay, azimuth and elevation angle of arrival were investigated. Hypothesis testing was used as a verification of the results. This statistical verification clarifies the independence of polarization characteristics from an azimuth angle of arrival, whereas some correlation was found between the cross-polarization ratio and the elevation angle of arrival.

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