Coalition Formation Games for Relay Transmission: Stability Analysis Under Uncertainty

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Relay transmission or cooperative communication is an advanced technique that can improve the performance of data transmission among wireless nodes. However, while the performance (e.g., throughput) of a source node can be improved through cooperation with a number of relays, this improvement comes at the expense of a degraded performance for the relay nodes due to the resources that they dedicate for helping the source node in its transmission. In this paper, the authors formulate a coalitional game among the wireless nodes that seek to improve their performance by relaying each other's data.