Cognitive Radio Enhancements for Legacy Networks Using Cooperative Diversity

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Executive Summary

Two driving goals for Cognitive Radio (CR) technique are maximizing spectrum utilization and avoiding interference to primary users. In this paper, the authors deal with the CR concept for legacy primary links optimized for non-interference surroundings. In this type of network, primary destinations are not able to deal with possible interference and a missed cognitive detection significantly reduces the system performance. The enhancement of the primary network with cooperative diversity in addition to the well-known diversity gain for the primary link improves the sensing ability of the system and protects the primary user from possible interference. Both Amplify-Forward (AF) and Decode-Forward (DF) cooperative schemes are studied for the problem under consideration and a new DF policy which introduces a cognitive relay behavior is investigated.

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