Collaborative Compressive Sensing Based Dynamic Spectrum Sensing and Mobile Primary User Localization in Cognitive Radio Networks

Date Added: Jan 2012
Format: PDF

In wideband Cognitive Radio (CR) networks, spectrum sensing is one of the key issues that enable the whole network functionality. Collaborative spectrum sensing among the cognitive radio nodes can greatly improve the sensing performance, and is also able to obtain the location information of Primary Radios (PRs). Most existing work merely studies the cognitive radio networks with static PRs, yet how to deal with the situations for mobile PRs remains less addressed. In this paper, the authors propose a collaborative compressive sensing based approach to estimate both the power spectrum and locations of the PRs by exploiting the sparsity facts: the relative narrow band nature of the transmitted signals compared with the broad bandwidth of available spectrum and the mobile PRs located sparsely in the operational space.