Combating The Financing Of Terrorism: EU Policies, Polity And Politics

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Executive Summary

This paper discusses the activities and initiatives undertaken by the European Union in Combating the Financing of Terrorism (CFT). The introduction of programmes to counter the financing of terrorism are derived from pre-existing anti-money laundering programmes and were the first step taken by the US in its "War on terror" following 11 September 2001. As such, CFT has been the subject of considerable attention, and has given rise to new EU legislation and regulatory guidance to stop the flow of money to terrorist groups and to use the intelligence gathered from financial surveillance to identify and prosecute terrorists.

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