Date Added: May 2011
Communication is an essential part of distributed computing and parallel computing. There exist many topologies, network architectures and routing schemas for such type of communication. In this paper, the authors will review a few selected network architectures and routing schemes, which are continually going through evolution process. Parallel and distributed computing is an emerging field and it provides a fast and reliable means of efficient computing on low cost. By parallel computing they mean that multiple instructions of same program executed at the same time on multiple processors whereas in distributed computing, multiple computers executes a single task.