Mobility

Community Computing: Comparisons Between Rural and Urban Societies Using Mobile Phone Data

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Executive Summary

The authors present a comparative analysis of the behavioral dynamics of rural and urban societies using four years of mobile phone data from all 1.4M subscribers within a small country. They use information from communication logs and top up denominations to characterize attributes such as socioeconomic status and region. They show that rural and urban communities differ dramatically not only in terms of personal network topologies, but also in terms of inferred behavioral characteristics such as travel. They confirm the hypothesis for behavioral adaptation, demonstrating that individuals change their patterns of communication to increase the similarity with their new social environment.

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