Compact Low-Cost Non-RF Communication Solutions for Unmanned Ground Vehicles
To detect and counter threats, war-fighters depend on sensor, communication, electronic warfare, and other technologies. Increasingly small, lightweight, and highly mobile Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) conduct a variety of missions such as Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance, and Targeting (ISRT), IED detection and mitigation, and chemical and radiation sensing. Sometimes this must be done in buildings, tunnels, and sewers. UGVs require high availability of communication resources, usually RF wireless. This is often sufficient, but RF can be vulnerable to spectrum restrictions and congestion, cosite interference, friendly or hostile jamming, and enemy detection. The threats can deny the forces the IRST and control links critical to conducting missions with maximum effects and minimum losses.