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Data compression is an effective means for saving storage space and channel bandwidth. There are two main types of compression lossy and lossless. This paper will deal with lossless compression techniques named Huffman, Arithmetic, LZ-78 and Golomb coding. The paper attempts to do comparative analysis in terms of their compression efficiency and speed. The test files used for this include English text files, Log files, Sorted word list and geometrically distributed data text file. The implementation results of these compression algorithms suggest the efficient algorithm to be used for a certain type of file to be compressed taking into consideration both the compression ratio and speed of operation.
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