Comparative Study of Reactive Routing Protocols for MANETs
The Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) is an autonomous system of mobile routers connected by wireless links. The routers are free to move randomly and organize themselves arbitrarily; thus, the network's wireless topology may change rapidly and unpredictably. The infrastructureless and the dynamic nature of these networks demands new set of networking strategies to be implemented in order to provide efficient end-to-end communications in many different scenarios such as battlefield and disaster recovery. MANETs employs the traditional TCP/IP structure between the nodes to provide end-to-end communication. However, due to their mobility and limited resources in wireless networks, the TCP/IP model requires redefinition or modifications in each layer to function efficiently in MANETs.