Comparison of Fractional Frequency Reuse Approaches in the OFDMA Cellular Downlink
Fractional Frequency Reuse (FFR) is an interference coordination technique well-suited to OFDMA based wireless networks wherein cells are partitioned into spatial regions with different frequency reuse factors. This paper focuses on evaluating the two main types of FFR deployments: strict FFR and Soft Frequency Reuse (SFR). Relevant metrics are discussed, including outage probability, network throughput, spectral efficiency, and average cell-edge user SINR. In addition to analytical expressions for outage probability, system simulations are used to compare Strict FFR and SFR with universal frequency reuse based on a typical OFDMA deployment and uniformly distributed users.