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Using two-hop neighborhood information, the authors present the Hybrid Activation Multiple Access (HAMA) protocol for time-division channel access scheduling in ad hoc networks with omni-directional antennas. Different from other approaches, HAMA is a node-activation channel access protocol that also maximizes the chance of link activations using time- and code-division schemes. The throughput and delay characteristics of HAMA in randomly-generated multi-hop wireless networks are studied by analyses and simulations. The results of the analyses show that HAMA achieves higher channel utilization in ad hoc networks than previous similar works, namely, the Node Activation Multiple Access (NAMA), the Link Activation Multiple Access (LAMA) and Pair-wise link Activation Multiple Access (PAMA).
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