Congestion Control Framework for Disseminating Safety Messages in Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks (VANETs)

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The purpose of this paper is to propose a new congestion control framework for uni-priority of event-driven safety messages in VANETs. The uni-priority congestion is caused by the traffic of the same priority. Many of event-driven safety applications developed for VANETs is required real-time communication with high reliability and must be delivered before certain time deadline. In high load traffic, the CCH communication channel easily congested. Many studies recommended congestion control approach to control the load and congestion on the wireless channel in VANETs. The authors' proposed congestion control will reserve the CCH communication channel for event-driven safety messages if the number of safety messages in the queue exceeds a defined threshold or the congestion control detect event-driven safety message.