Congestion Control to Achieve Optimal Broadcast Efficiency in VANETs

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In a vehicular network, every vehicle broadcasts update messages that contain location and speed information periodically to its one hop neighbors. The broadcast efficiency measures the average rate at which a vehicle receives these packets from any of its neighbors. As the node density increases, heightened interference lowers broadcast efficiency if congestion control mechanism is not used. In this paper, the authors analyze the broadcast efficiency under Rayleigh fading channel, and provide congestion control and power control strategies that maximize the efficiency. A worst-case guaranteed strategy achieving at least 95% of the optimal is also provided for cases when the network nodes have high mobility. Ns-2 simulations show that the analytical results accurately predict the system dynamic.