Cooperative Adaptive Spectrum Sharing in Cognitive Radio Networks

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The Cognitive Radio (CR) paradigm calls for open spectrum access according to a predetermined etiquette. Under this paradigm, CR nodes access the spectrum opportunistically by continuously monitoring the operating channels. A key challenge in this domain is how the nodes in a CR Network (CRN) cooperate to access the medium in order to maximize the CRN throughput. Typical multi-channel MAC protocols assume that frequency channels are adjacent and that there are no constraints on the transmission power. However, a CRN may operate over a wide range of frequencies, and a power mask is often enforced on the transmission of a CR user to avoid corrupting the transmissions of spectrum-licensed Primary-Radio (PR) users.