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Cooperative Localization in GPS-Limited Urban Environments

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Executive Summary

Existing localization techniques such as GPS have fundamental limitations which preclude deployment in urban canyons or areas with inconsistent network availability. Augmenting GPS requires specialized infrastructure or tedious calibration tasks which limit general purpose applications. In this paper, the authors examine the utility of cooperatively sharing location data among connected nodes in order to correct positions with high measurement error in GPS-limited environments. Using simple data sharing and filtering techniques, collaborating users can substantially reduce overall localization error in dead reckoning systems where nodes may have a broad spectrum of location quality.

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