Cooperative MIMO Transmissions in WSN Using Threshold Based MAC Protocol

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Executive Summary

Sensor networks require robust and efficient communication protocols to maximise the network lifetime. Radio irregularity, channel fading and interference results in larger energy consumption and latency for packet transmission over wireless channel. Cooperative Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO) schemes when incorporated in Wireless Senor Network (WSN) can significantly improve the communication performance. An inefficiently designed Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol however, may diminish the performance gains of MIMO operation. Hence, this paper proposes a distributed threshold based MAC protocol for cooperative MIMO transmissions using Space Time Block Codes (STBC).The protocol uses a thresholding scheme that is updated dynamically based on the queue length at the sending node to achieve lesser energy consumption and minimise latency ensuring the stability of transmission queues at the nodes.

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